Monday, August 10, 2020

Padoo The Fruit


Do you know the name of this fruit?  Have you eaten it before?  My cousin shared these photos with me a few days ago and initially I told here I did not know what this fruit was.  Then it hit me like a ton of bricks.  I remember the fruit, it is called Padoo.  I told my cousin it was as if my recently deceased mom reminded me of this fruit. I have not seen or eaten padoo in a very very long time.  I am hoping to get my cousin do a video for me showing how to eat this fruit.

Padoo is a legume that produces a podded fruit with a smooth textured, sweet, edible white pulp surrounding the seeds.

I have seen spellings such as pwadoo, paudoux, pawdoux, Pois-doux, 

In costa Rica this fruit is knows as Guaba or ice cream fruit. In Guyana this fruit is known Whitey or Whitetee

Tuesday, July 21, 2020

Best Garlic Sauce Recipe Ever

Best Garlic Sauce Recipe Ever.  Photo by Martina Jackson.  Click on the photo to check out my photography website.

In the BVI when my husband and I order a serving of wings, it is usually served with a blue cheese dip.  Recently my son-in law purchased some wings in Trinidad and Tobago and it was served with some garlic sauce.  I totally enjoyed the flavors of the wings and the garlic  sauce.  I am hooked.

10 garlic cloves
1 tablespoon granulated sugar
2 tablespoons lemon juice
2 tablespoons chive finely chopped
2 tablespoons shado beni aka culantro finely chopped
1/2 teaspoon black pepper
1/2 teaspoon chili powder
2 tablespoons mustard

Just a few things I thought I should mention before I proceed, as you will notice I did not list any salt.  Most times when I use mayonnaise, I find that it contains a good bit of salt so I purchased a mayonnaise brand with the least amount of salt and even though when I made this garlic sauce, no salt was required.

Put the garlic, lemon juice and the herbs into a blender and blend.  If the blender is a little difficult in starting, add about 1-2 tablespoons of water and that should do the trick.

Add the balance of ingredients and blend until nice and creamy.  Transfer the garlic sauce to a mason jar and refrigerate.  

This garlic sauce is great to make Fish In Mayonnaise Sauce

Monday, July 13, 2020

Green Iguanas Eating My Shado Beni Plants

Hey hey hey folks so on one of my Instagram and facebook posts I shared with my followers my story about being upset with my green iguana buddy.  The story started when I noticed that my chive plants had been rooted out and my shado beni aka culantro leaves were bitten.  I thought that a bug was attacking the shado beni plant.  Then eventually I told my husband that I suspected that the iguanas were eating my plants.  

There are a few of them around my house (they love to hang out on the green banana trees as they can camouflage very good in these trees) and I look forward to seeing them each morning plus I take a lot of photos of them.
Green iguana in my back yard. Photo by Martina Jackson.  Click on the photo to visit my photography website.
So I decided to relocate the shado beni plants but that didn't work.  I relocated them again to the porch in the other side of the house and I am happy to report that the plants are striving very well.
My shado beni aka culantro plant.  Photo by Martina Jackson.  Click on the photo to check out my photography website.
In respect to the iguanas, most of my Trinidadian followers advised that I should catch the iguana and cook them.  First of all they are very very swift so catching them is impossible for me plus they are my little buddies even though I'm a little upset with them for eating my plants I can never imagine myself eating them.

In Trinidad and Tobago many people eat the iguana meat but I have never eaten the iguana meat even though they are vegetarians.

These species of iguana have a bad reputations for destroying plants and crops.  Just the other day my neighbour was complaining about them.

Oh and they have a habit of pooping in my gallery as well 😄😄

Check out my bog post in which I share how to grow shado beni plants at home.  CLICK HERE

Friday, July 10, 2020

How To Make Vegan Callaloo Trinidad Style

Callaloo is a very popular dish in Trinidad and Tobago and other parts of the Caribbean Islands.  In Trinidad we use the dasheen leaves aka taro leaves to prepare this dish.  In Jamaica they use the local spinach.  You will notice that some people will call the dasheen leaves callaloo leaves but the real name is dasheen leaves 

5-6 dasheen leaves aka taro leaves with stem
basil leaves 
7-9 ochro/okra sliced
small leaves thyme
1 cup pumpkin
4 pimentos 
1 medium onion
3 garlic cloves
1 teaspoon pepper sauce or one hot pepper
1/2 teaspoon black pepper
2 cups coconut milk
1 teaspoon salt

Coconut milk: Traditionally dry coconut is used in this recipe.  To open the dry coconut, use the blunt side of a heavy handle knife, hammer or cutlass aka machete.  Hit the coconut a few times (with force) with either of these tools.  Eventually the coconut will crack open and the coconut water will spill out.

Separate the white inside from the hard brown outside shell.  Discard this brown outside shell.  Wash the white of the coconut.  Cut up into smaller pieces and place into a blender.  Add water and grind.

Strain out the liquid - coconut milk and set the husk aside, I like to pack the husk in some storage bags and place into the freezer so I can make coconut dumplings and coconut bake at a later time.  

If you purchase the dasheen leaves from the farmers market, purchase the young leaves that are rolled up.  They are easier to break up when cooked.  The older leaves are more difficult to break up into smaller pieces.

Also you can purchase a callaloo pack which contains the dasheen leaves already cut up, pimentos, pumpkin and ochro.

Wash the dasheen leaves thoroughly, cut the dasheen leaves from the stem and cut up into small pieces.  Cut up the stem into small pieces. Place all these cut up pieces into a pot.

You can go ahead and add the other dry ingredients to the pot, it is not necessary to cut them into smaller pieces because when they are cooked they will be blended with the use of a swizzle stick.

Pour the coconut milk into the pot and put the pot on the stove.  Allow the ingredients to cook for about 20-25 minutes.  After this time has passed the ochro seeds should look pink.  I normally use this as a gauge to know when it is time to turn off the stove.

Taste and add salt if necessary.  Remove the hot pepper and with a swizzle stick, mash up the ingredients into smaller pieces to achieve a semi smooth consistency.  If you end results is a bit chunky (slightly) it is okay. Put the hot pepper back into the pot.  I like to put my callaloo into the blender (for a second) at this point to get a semi smooth consistency.  Transfer to a serving dish until ready to be served.

How To Make Callaloo With Crab Trinidad Style

As a Trinidadian, living in the British Virgin Islands does not allow me the luxury of making my favorite dish - Callaloo on a regular basis.  It is not a normal thing to see a bunch of dasheen bush at the farmers market.  Recently I found a grocery store that sells the bush already cut up and sold in a bag.  The thing about that is you are not allowed the opportunity to choose the leaves that you want - but I am just grateful to get the bush period!!

3-4 crabs
5-6 dasheen leaves aka taro leaves with stem
basil leaves 
7-9 ochro/okra sliced
small leaves thyme
1 cup pumpkin
1 tablespoons green seasoning
1 teaspoon pepper sauce or one hot pepper
1/2 teaspoon black pepper
2 cups coconut milk
1 Maggie cube

Crab preparation:  Most times we get fresh crabs from the farmers market.  To clean them, remove the head, scrape off the hairs from the crabs legs with a knife and cut off the ends of the legs (pointy tips) and wash thoroughly.  Place into a bowl with water and add some lime juice.  Allow the crabs to soak in the lime water for a few minutes.

You can also purchase the crabs already cleaned at the grocery store.  Just remove them from the packet, place them into a bowl with lime juice and allow them to soak for a few minutes.

Wash the dasheen leaves thoroughly, cut the leaves from the stem and cut up into small pieces.  Cut up the stem into small pieces. Place all these cut up pieces into a pot.

Wash out the crabs and add to pot with the other ingredients.

You can go ahead and add the other dry ingredients to the pot, it is not necessary to cut them into smaller pieces because when they are cooked they will be blended with the use of a swizzle stick.

Pour the coconut milk into the pot and put the pot on the stove.  Allow the ingredients to cook for about 20-25 minutes.  After this time has passed the ochro/okra seeds should look pink.  I normally use this as a gauge to know when it is time to turn off the stove.

Taste and add salt if necessary.  Remove the hot pepper and with a swizzle stick, mash up the ingredients into smaller pieces to achieve a semi smooth consistency.  If you end results is a bit chunky (slightly) it is okay. Put the hot pepper back into the pot.  I like to put my callaloo into the blender (for a second) at this point to get a semi smooth consistency.  Transfer to a serving dish until ready to be served.

Friday, July 3, 2020

Caribbean Recipe For BBQ Pigtails In Oven

Hey hey hey folks, today I am sharing a Caribbean recipe for BBQ pigtails.  As you may know I love pigtails so when I heard about BBQ pigtails I was ecstatic!!

2 pounds pigtails
1/2 cup of your favorite BBQ sauce
pepper sauce
paprika powder
cayenne pepper

Wash the pigtails with some lime juice and cut the pigtails into manageable small pieces, if there were not cut already.  Place into a pot, add water and put the pot on the stove and allow the pigtails to boil.  The aim here is to tenderize the pigtails and remove most of the salt.  

After about 15 minutes, remove the pot from the stove, through out the water, add more water and put the pot on the stove for another 15 minutes.  Do this for two more times - until the pigtails are tender.

Put the pigtails into a bowl and add the BBQ sauce and other ingredients and mix together well.  Transfer to a baking tray.  Set oven to 350 degrees.  Place baking tray into the oven and bake pig tails for about 30 minutes.  

Wednesday, July 1, 2020

Recipe For Trinidad Curry Corn With Pigtails

Curry corn is quite popular in Trinidad and Tobago these days. When I first heard about it I found the idea to be quite weird but after tasting a piece of curry corn, I was hooked. You just might get hooked too!!  Please note that the pigtails are optional.  I love to purchase my fresh corn from the market, some times you can get them with the husk removed.  

4 fresh corn on the cob
pigtail (optional)
2 small onions or 1 medium onion finely chopped
3 garlic gloves finely chopped
big leaf thyme finely chopped
small leaf thyme finely chopped
parsley finely chopped
culantro aka shadon benni finely chopped
3 pimentos or seasoning peppers finely chopped
1 hot pepper
1 tablespoons curry powder
1 can coconut milk

If you are using the pigtails in this recipe, they have to be tenderized and most of the salt has to be removed.  To accomplish this, I normally put the pieces of pigtails into a pot, fill the pot with water and put the pot on the stove. Allow the pigtails go boil.  After about 15 minutes, through out the water, add more water and put the pot back on the stove for another 15 minutes.  Repeat this process about two more times after which the pigtails should be tender and most of the salt removed. 

Using a sharp kitchen knife, cut the pigtails into smaller pieces (which should be easier as they are now tender) and set aside.

If you purchased the corn with the husk, you will have to peel off the husk and silk and wash the corn. Cut corn into small pieces - you should get about 4 pieces of corn from one whole corn.  Add two tablespoons of oil to a large pot.  Add garlic, onion, pimentos and saute for a few seconds. Add the other herbs and curry powder and allow to fry for a few seconds.

Add the pieces of corn and pig tail (if you are not adding any pigtails, you will have to add salt) and mix together with the other ingredients. Add coconut milk and the hot pepper.  Allow the corn to cook and absorb all those beautiful flavors.  You may need to add more water to the pot to allow the corn to fully cook.  Cooking time - about 35 minutes. Taste and add salt if necessary.

You might also be interested in knowing how to Roast Corn Caribbean Style

Recipe For Trinidad Boil Corn

As a youngster, I enjoyed going to the market with my mother and one of the food items we would normally purchase, when they are in season, is corn on the cob.  And one of the ways I enjoyed the corn to be prepared is to boil them.
3 corn on the cob cut into half
3 pimentos finely chopped
3 garlic gloves finely chopped
1/4 teaspoon black pepper
1 teaspoon salt
teaspoon dried basil
fine leaf thyme (aka French thyme) 
shadon benni aka culantro finely chopped
homemade green seasoning
1 hot pepper

If you purchase the fresh corn from the farmers market with the husk on etc, you will have to peel off the husk and silk.  Save a few pieces of the corn husk.
Add  corn to pot with water and the other ingredients - dried basil, pimento, shadon beni, green seasoning, garlic gloves and 1 hot pepper.  
Place a few pieces of the corn husk (in the video my mom used some green banana leaves) on top of the corn and allow them to cook which should be about 45 minutes.

Remove and serve. 

You might also be interested in know how to Roast Corn Caribbean Style 

Roast Corn

Roast corn was once a very popular street food in Trinidad and Tobago.  Its a rare sight these days.  I remember a few years when we traveled to St. Vincent I was so excited to see a roast corn vendor, I just had to stop and get some.  I recently learned that roast corn is a very popular street in Nigeria, as well, when the corn is in season.

The beautiful thing about roast corn it is 100% natural and vegan.  Nothing is added to it.  The raw corn is placed on a coal pot with home made grill and the corn is allowed to get charred.  For presentation, they are placed in piece of corn husk.

You can make roast corn at home.  You can get the fresh corn from the farmers market or at the grocery store.  The first most tedious step is to remove the husk and silk from the corn.  Set aside a few pieces of the husk for presentation. 
Fresh corn at the farmers market.  Photo by Martina Jackson.  Click on the photo to visit my photography website.
Put the raw corn on a stove top grill, BBQ grill or just on the fire on the stove.  You just have to monitor the corn by turning the corn with a tong periodically until they are charred.

Sunday, June 28, 2020

Vegan Pong Plantain Balls Recipe

Hey hey hey folks today I am making some Vegan Pong Plantain Balls plus I will be using a modern appliance - food processor.  Traditionally butter is added and the plantain is mashed in a mortar and pestle.

Vegan Pong Plantain Balls. Photo by Martina Jackson.  Click on the photo to check my photography website.

These Vegan Pong Plantain balls are so delicious not to mention healthy and can easily replace recipe in a menu.

3 green plantains
Olive oil

Wash the green plantains.  Using a sharp kitchen knife, cut off the ends of the green plantains and cut into three pieces.  Place the pieces of plantains into a pot, add water to fill the pot.

Put the pot on the stove and allow the plantains to cook.  The plantains will soften, turn a bright yellow color and the skin will.begin to split open. Remove from the pot

The skin can be easily removed after the plantains have cooled a little.  Place the cooked peeled green plantains into a food processor, add some salt and a bit of olive oil.  Process the green plantains is crushed into a big lump.  Transfer to mixing bowl. 

Pinch of a pieces of the mashed green plantain and roll into a balls. 

Check out my post with the traditional recipe for Pong Plantain.

Green Plantain Akara Recipe

Green Plantain Akara. Photo by Martina Jackson.  Click on the photo to check my photography website.

Hey hey hey folks, today I am sharing another flavorful recipe with you today - Green Plantain Akara.  I think it an African based dish.  I know some people will ask if this can be baked.  With my Lentil Peas Patties Recipe, I baked them once and they were very dry.  These types of recipes taste better when they are fried in my opinion.

3 green plantains
1 stick of chive
1/2 onion
3 seasoning peppers
1/4 red sweet pepper

Using a sharp kitchen knife, cut off the ends of the green plantains and peel them using the technique that you are comfortable with.

Wash the peeled green plantains, cut up into small pieces,
place in a food processor and process to a nice smooth consistency.  Transfer to a mixing bowl.  Put the other ingredients into the food processor and blend to a finely chopped consistency.  Add to the green plantain that was processed to a smooth consistency.   Mix together well.  Add salt and pepper if you like your food spicy.

Put a pot on the stove.  Allow it to hot.  Add a generous amount of oil and allow it to hot.  Put a small bit of the mixture into the hot oil and if it sizzles you will know that the oil is hot  enough.  Set the heat to medium.  Take out a ice cream scoop full of the mixture and shape into a circular shape and place into the hot oil carefully.  Repeat until the pot has no more space.

Allow each green plantain akara to get golden brown on the bottom and turn over each one and allow the other side to get golden brown.  Remove from the pot and place on a plate lined with paper towel.

Note:  You can use a blender to get the green plantain to the smooth creamy consistency but you will have to add water to the blender to get it going.  For better results avoid adding any water.  This is the reason I used a food processor

How To Make Ochro/Okra Fritters

Hey hey hey folks, welcome to my blog post!  I am finding a lot of these fritters recipes and am really enjoying them.  The ones that are more enticing to me are when they are totally vegan and gluten free.  Just perfect!  However this ochro/okra fritters recipe is not gluten free.

12 Ochro /Okra sliced
3 garlic cloves grated
4 seasoning peppers finely chopped
1 stick chive finely chopped
1 cup all purpose flour
1 small onion finely chopped
All purpose seasoning
Pepper flakes (optional)
Parsley flakes
3/4 cup water
1 1/2 cups oil

You can use the fresh ochro/okra or frozen ochro/okra.  Use your favorite knife to cut off the top of each ochro/okra before slicing. 

Put a pot on the stove and allow it to hot.  Add about 2 tablespoons of oil, then add the onion, garlic, chive and seasoning peppers.  Saute them for a few seconds.  Add the ochro/okra and allow to fry for about 3-4 minutes.

Transfer cooked ochro to a mixing bowl. Add the flour, all purpose seasoning, pepper flakes and parsley flakes (you can season this mixture with your favorite seasonings).  Mix together well.  Add 3/4 cups water and mix together well.  

Put a frying pan on the stove and allow it to hot.  Add a generous amount of oil and allow the oil to hot.  Take out a spoonful of the mixture and carefully put it into the hot oil.  Repeat this until the pot cannot hold any more.  

Allow the bottom side of each fritter to get golden brown and then turn over.  When the other side has gotten golden brown, remove from the frying pan and place on a plate lined with paper towel. Enjoy!!

Thursday, June 25, 2020

Make you fat and have diabetes? Does it make sense to avoid carbohydrates?

[Text, picture/selected from "Timeless dieting is healthier" published by the Times, author Pikshi. Turner
A diet that consumes grains and higher amounts of carbohydrates is hundreds of years earlier than any boom in the "lifestyle" disease. Figure / ingimage

Carbohydrate phobia

Carbohydrates are the core food of almost every great civilization. Whether it is now or in the past, look at civilizations around the world. Carbohydrates are an important product of most large human settlements. Perhaps we still have nostalgia for the previous hunting and collecting period, but every year when we are deciding when humans start eating carbohydrates and making bread, we will continue to raise the time earlier and earlier. We have tamed wheat, and wheat has tamed us as well, allowing us to settle in places where we can grow wheat. Look around the world, mankind thanks to wheat, rice and corn in order to thrive and multiply, but we are now a surge of low-carbon trend carbohydrate diet, carbohydrate phobia (Carbphobia) has become a serious problem. Even if the hunting collection period is excluded, the earliest period when the low-carb diet started can be traced back to the large amount of meat and low-carb diets carried out by the Greek Olympic athletes. During 1920, the ketogenic diet was used for the first time to treat children with epilepsy symptoms, with unprecedented success. Since then, every five to ten years, there will be a wave of low-carbon water diets in society. Whether it is the Inuit diet, the Atkins diet, the Paleolithic diet, the Miami diet, or the ketogenic diet that is now popular among the general public, the latter has a low carbohydrate intake. Put the body into a state of hunger.

As with other dieting methods, low-carb high-fat (LCHF) also claims that this method of weight loss is effective. Not only that, they further proposed extreme remarks such as any index that can reverse diabetes and improve health, and even claimed that the current dietary guidelines are harming us, and we should avoid carbohydrates and consume saturated fat as much as possible. Let us examine some of these claims below.

"Low-carb, high-fat diet is the only best way to lose weight." This concept can't really be tested. Although in nutrition, because it is difficult to force people to eat in different ways, especially in the real world outside the laboratory that can control the variation, it is rare to conduct randomized controlled trials (RCTs); but low The results of randomized controlled trials of fat diet and low-carbon water diet show that the results of these two control groups are not very different, and the long-term effects are also not obvious from the perspective of the general public.

Because of these experimental results, we also learned that a low-carb, high-fat diet is not the only treatment for type 2 diabetes. In some cases, this diet does provide some help, but adequate sleep, stress management, a Mediterranean diet, or increased physical activity can also achieve the same effect. Low-carb high-fat diet is a special treatment for the concept of diabetes, it is easy to make people mistakenly think that carbohydrates can cause diabetes. We can easily see where this idea came from: because eating carbohydrates will cause the body to release insulin, and type 2 diabetes is characterized by blocking insulin secretion and extremely high blood sugar concentrations. But nothing in nutrition is so simple and straightforward, this carbohydrate-insulin argument has also been exposed because it is too simplified.

In addition, the way of eating cereals and a larger amount of carbohydrates is hundreds of years earlier than any sudden "lifestyle" disease boom. If carbohydrate intake is the main cause of these diseases, first of all, it underestimates the complexity of the human body; secondly, it cannot explain why humans have eaten so many grains in the past, but it still looks safe and healthy. However, it is not only that they misunderstood the science behind saturated fats and carbohydrates, which has caused harm to our health; but also because they incited excessive fear of carbohydrates, but also bullied people who are brave to refute their theories. Let me focus on this group. In my clinic and online, the most common condition is carbohydrate phobia; almost all the food problems or eating disorders I have encountered have more or less carbohydrate-related problems. They feel that they need to plan for a grain-free meal, a carbohydrate-based diet, or avoid eating grains and sugar at the same time, and believe that if they do not do so, they will gain weight, suffer from diabetes, or become unhealthy.

A diet that consumes grains and higher amounts of carbohydrates is hundreds of years earlier than any boom in the "lifestyle" disease. Figure / ingimage

We have substantial and overwhelming evidence that ingesting whole grains, beans, fruits and vegetables can bring a lot of health benefits. But basically, the low-carb high-fat diet exercise puts these foods and other foods with high sugar content, such as breakfast cereals and energy drinks, into the same category. They stacked these carbohydrate sources into one piece, and told us that these are bad food, equivalent to a few tablespoons and a few tablespoons of sugar. This is a ridiculously simplified statement because foods like wheat contain not only carbohydrates, but also other nutrients such as fat, protein and micronutrients. In addition, we usually don't just eat a single food, but combine different foods into one meal, and the type of food included in each meal will also affect the digestion process and the rate of nutrient absorption. So from a biochemical point of view, such a comparison is unreasonable, because the reaction of sugar (sucrose) is very different from the reaction of a long and complicated glucose atom chain; if it is hard to say that the two are to some extent The same is simply intentionally instigating panic.

It makes no sense to regard the British dietary guidelines as the culprit for type 2 diabetes and other health problems. why? Because people never follow this guide. If people don't trust such a guide, you can't blame it on the guide. In fact, research shows that if we can follow the diet guidelines, the entire ethnic group will become healthier. According to a study in 2015, one group of subjects was told to follow the dietary pattern set according to the dietary guidelines, and the other group followed a traditional British diet (control group). After twelve weeks, the group that followed the dietary guidelines ate more fiber, unsaturated fat, and lower added sugars and saturated fat, but the total amount of fat was the same as the control group; meanwhile, they ate Whole grains were also doubled compared to the control group. When the researchers evaluated the cardiovascular disease risk factors in their bodies, they found that the dietary guideline group estimated that the probability of suffering from cardiovascular disease was 15% lower than that of the control group, because their inflammation rate and blood pressure were lower, and the low density The concentration of LDL cholesterol ("bad" cholesterol) is also lower. This is because the dietary guidelines aim to increase vegetable intake, whole grains and fiber, and at the same time reduce saturated fat and add sugar", which is often overlooked in low-carb, high-fat diets. That's right, the diet guidelines did suggest people to reduce their total fat intake before, but this is no longer the case. Advocates of low-carb, high-fat diets often argue that past dietary guidelines have incorrect ideas about cholesterol and fat, and we have therefore become more unhealthy, so we need to adopt different diets, and this alternative is a low-carbon water diet; But what they say is really wrong.

We now know that from the perspective of the general public, reducing total fat intake is not necessarily the correct answer, but the focus is on the type of fat we consume. It is very beneficial for us to consume foods derived from fatty oils such as fish, olive oil and other vegetable oils, nuts and avocados. Whether it's a relatively high-fat diet like the Mediterranean diet or a lower-fat diet, all healthy eating patterns have in common is the reduction of saturated fat intake. The government’s recommended guidelines change attitudes toward total fat because science is more advanced and research is more detailed; but they still recommend reducing saturated fat intake because the research results also support this claim.

If we look not only at individual nutrients but also at individual foods, we will marvel at the subtle differences caused by scientific mysteries, and understand that dairy products such as cheese, milk, and yogurt are good sources of saturated fat, but Unlike other saturated fat foods, it will have a negative impact on health, but it will bring many benefits. In the same way, this subtle subtlety is also reflected in whole grains, and whole grains can also bring a high degree of benefit. We should not stay away from them.

If you insist that low-carbon water diets are always bad and unhealthy, this is too unfair and will make me look as bad as the leaders of low-carbon water operations. In fact, sometimes low-carbon water diets are very effective for some people and can also make them feel good. However, the health benefits of a low-carb water diet have little to do with low-carbohydrates. The focus is on replacing food                              with carbohydrates. Studies have shown that if a large amount of saturated fat is substituted for carbohydrates, it may be harmful to health and longevity; and if foods rich in fiber and low saturated fats such as beans are substituted for carbohydrates, it will have a similar effect to the Mediterranean diet And will not increase the risk of death. Therefore, I reiterate that health is related to the overall dietary pattern, rather than deliberately ingesting or excluding certain foods. Even so, the low-carbohydrate diet cannot completely shirk its responsibility, because there are still many low-carbon water diet leaders claim that no matter how much saturated fat is taken, it will not cause harm to the human body. This kind of claim is not only absolutely wrong, but also absolutely harmful to the human body.

Bone headache is actually prostate cancer metastasis? Pay attention to signs of high malignant prostate tumors

Because prostate cancer progresses slowly, it may be diagnosed after unusual pain. Figure/Photo of this newspaper
The aging population is increasing day by day, and the incidence of advanced diseases is also increasing year by year. Prostate cancer , which is prevalent in middle-aged and elderly men , has been considered to be a relatively "moderate" tumor due to the slow progress of the disease. In addition, the average age of the cancer is more than 70 years old. In the perception of many people, the prostate Cancer is even less threatening than other aging diseases, but are all prostate cancers really "non-dangerous" tumors?

Which prostate cancers need to be alert?

Jiang Bohui, director of the Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Hospital, pointed out that the incidence of prostate cancer in Chinese people is about 70 to 79 years old, and it is indeed slow to develop compared with other cancers. However, there are also "big bad guys" and "little bad guys". Jiang Bohui explained that if prostate cancer has a "Gleason score" of 8 or more, and there are visceral and bone metastases , it may belong to For high-risk tumors, the progression of the disease cannot be ignored.

How to treat high-risk prostate tumors?

Jiang Bohui explained that in the past, prostate cancer metastasis would be treated with hormones, but high-risk prostate tumors will develop hormone resistance within about a year or two after hormone treatment, and the difficulty of treatment is relatively difficult. There are now new clinical trials that have found that early use of drugs can prolong the duration of prostate tumor metastasis to hormone resistance. Therefore, early treatment is still an important factor affecting survival.

Bone pain may be prostate cancer metastasis?

Because prostate cancer progresses slowly, it may be diagnosed after unusual pain. Jiang Bohui explained that prostate cancer is divided into early and late stages. Most of the late stage is manifested by bone pain. Patients may seek orthopedic treatment, and some tumors are accidentally discovered after surgery. If there are multiple bone metastases in prostate cancer, the patient may feel pain throughout the body. The most common bone metastases are in the central axis of the torso such as the hip bone, spine, ribs, and a few occur in the skull.

Should older men have difficulty urinating and have bone pain?

Jiang Bohui pointed out that it is difficult to distinguish the symptoms in the early stage of the prostate. It must be checked by blood drawing PSA , or anus finger examination and biopsy. The anal digital examination is not difficult, and the sensitivity of PSA is quite high. The doctor recommends that if you are over 50 years old and have urinary symptoms, you can consult a urologist if you need to perform these two examinations. Jiang Bohui emphasized that with the development of medicine, there are already drugs that can delay the transformation of high-risk prostate tumors into hormone-resistant drugs. The public should refrain from medical treatment, and any urinary system diseases should be treated as soon as possible.

Low back pain is kidney disease? Medical: Most of them are irrelevant, except these two

Schematic diagram of low back pain. News photo

Is low back pain related to kidney disease? How to detect kidney stones and pyelonephritis

If you have a back pain for a long time, should you pay attention to the risk of kidney stones and kidney disease? An interview with Guo Kelin, a physician in the Department of Nephrology of Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital, pointed out that most of the low back pain has nothing to do with the kidney. It may be local pain in the muscle, fascia, and skin of the kidney's outer envelope. If kidney stones cause lower back pain, it is usually relatively strong and obvious. The patient will even describe "pain killing like a pig", and hematuria will be combined . When the two symptoms appear at the same time, it is more likely to be caused by kidney stones.

Another type of kidney disease that can cause low back pain is "pyelonephritis." When the urinary tract is infected with bacteria, it will cause kidney inflammation. Guo Kelin explained that in addition to low back pain, pyelonephritis also has a fever, and there is pain in tapping the kidney. The doctor pointed out that there are many reasons for lower limb pain or low back pain, such as fascia pain, sciatic nerve pain, and even herpes zoster. Before chickenpox appears, it may cause low back pain symptoms, which should be determined by the doctor or X-ray imaging to determine the cause.

Congenital uric acid is high and kidney stones have two major habits to change

Guo Kelin said that some patients with kidney stones are related to heredity. If you are born with a constitution that is not easy to metabolize uric acid, and drink too little water on weekdays, it is easy to form uric acid stones. Another risk of stones is eating habits. People who eat animal protein and meat also have a higher risk of kidney stones. If you have such a physique, you should pay attention to water intake on weekdays, and eat light alkaline foods including vegetables, or citrus containing citric acid.

People often associate high uric acid with gout . Guo Kelin explained that uric acid will crystallize in various parts of the body. The typical gout is uric acid crystals in the thumb, and when the crystals are in the kidneys, they may become kidney stones. On the one hand, these patients should follow the doctor's instructions to use uric acid-lowering drugs, and at the same time adjust their diet and lifestyle. Guo Kelin pointed out that the recurrence rate of kidney stones is high.

Hydronephrosis can also cause low back pain? Older patients should be alert to urinary tract tumors

Some people also went to see a doctor because of low back pain, and finally found that there was a problem with hydronephrosis. Guo Kelin said that the kidney function is like a sewer. If there is a stone blockage, there is indeed an opportunity for the kidney to swell. However, age and other risk factors must also be considered. Liver kidneys cause water accumulation.

Therefore, the doctor will examine the venous pyelonephritis or computer tomography according to the situation to further clarify the status of the hydronephrosis and surrounding tissues and organs. Guo Kelin explained that there are many reasons for hydronephrosis of the kidney, such as congenital ureteral stenosis will also affect. If it is really caused by kidney stones, the doctor should evaluate whether to take cystoscopy or surgery to avoid long-term inflammation of the kidney